Extracorporeal CPR outside the hospital environment is carried out by using the ECMO (extracorporeal membrane oxygenation) technique.
Until now, this technique has been used in heart surgery where it is necessary to stop the heart to keep the patient alive until the surgery is finished. Due to recent advances by electro-medicine companies, the size of certain machines or devices used for cardiopulmonary resuscitation suitable for use outside of hospitals has been reduced whilst their operability has increased. This is the case for the device acquired by SAMUR - Civil Protection for use in these cases.
The purpose of this project is to attain an increase in the survival rate from cardiac arrests attended by the SAMUR - Civil Protection Service, since there are a significant number of cardiac arrests from which patients are unlikely to recover after the current Advanced Life Support actions have been carried out by SAMUR teams. It is in these cases, the so-called refractory cardiac arrests, where this new treatment has its scope of action.